Foot & Ankle
We specialize in the medical and surgical treatment of pathologies of the foot and ankle. This includes injuries, malformations, conditions and diseases in adults, children and seniors, as well as rehabilitation following trauma or surgery. The comprehensive range of conditions treated includes everything from ingrown toenails and bunions to sprains and fractures to diabetic foot care. In addition to expert treatment using the latest techniques and technologies available, we are dedicated to palliative and preventive foot care to ensure that our patients’ feet remain healthy and strong throughout their lives.
Fractures – A fracture is a break in a bone. It may be a crack in the bone (a stress fracture) or a complete break; the bones may shift out of place or break the skin. Fractures in the bones of the foot and ankle cause a variety of symptoms and require different treatments depending on the location and severity of the break, as well as the patient’s overall health.
Digits (toes/phalanges) and metatarsals (long bones of the forefoot) - There are many different kinds of fractures that can happen to the bones of the forefoot and toes. They are painful but often heal without the need for surgery. The metatarsals are prone to stress fractures, or cracks in the bone. These are usually related to a recent increase or change in activity. The fifth metatarsal below the small toe may fracture if it is landed on badly or if the ligament of a twisted ankle pulls off a piece of the bone. Symptoms of a toe or metatarsal fracture include pain that gets worse when walking; swelling; and sometimes bruising.
Lisfranc joint (midfoot) – Often caused by dropping something heavy on the top of the foot or by falling after catching the foot in a hole. Symptoms are similar to a sprain and include swelling and pain at the top of the foot; bruising; possible inability to bear weight; and pain when moving the foot while the ankle is held steady. If you think you have a sprain and it does not improve with rest and ice after one to two days, you may have a Lisfranc joint fracture and should see a doctor to prevent further injury.
Calcaneus (heel) – Usually the result of an automobile accident or fall from a great height. Symptoms include pain on the outside of the ankle or under the heel; inability to bear weight; swelling and stiffness. May be accompanied by back or knee injury due to the amount of force required to break the heel bone.
Ankle – Like severely sprained ankles, broken ankles are often caused by a fall, injury or car accident. Symptoms that one or more of the three bones that make up the ankle may be fractured are: severe pain in the ankle; swelling; bruising; tenderness; inability to bear weight; and deformity of the joint. May be accompanied by dislocation or ligament damage (sprain).
Treatments and Procedures
Cheilectomy– a procedure done to shave off extra bone growth on the top of the big toe’s main joint. It is used to relieve the symptoms of hallux rigidus and many of the patients who have the procedure done go home the same day.
Debridement of Achilles Tear- The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel. Small tears can develop in the tendon through overuse. Since the tendon doesn’t repair easily a debridement of the Achilles tear can alleviate pain.
Medial Calcaneal Sliding Osteotomy – this surgery is used to correct flat foot or fallen arch. One in four adults in the U.S. has flat feet or fallen arches. Some people are born with flat feet, while others acquire it as they get older. The foot may be flat all the time or it may lose its arch when the person stands (“flexible flatfoot”). Many people with flat feet don’t experience any symptoms. Others, however, suffer from heel or ankle pain, tired feet, bunions, arthritis in the foot or ankle, foot or ankle deformity, knee or back pain, or other problems that need professional treatment.
Who to Contact
Upon setting up an appointment, the below doctors can answer your questions and concerns regarding various conditions and treatment options: